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张俊,陈柳君,胥頔,吴运刚,张龙.航空涡轮发动机燃烧室内流场的PIV测量[J].航空动力学报,2017,32(6):1289~1295
航空涡轮发动机燃烧室内流场的PIV测量
PIV measurement for inner flowfield in aero turbine engine combustor
投稿时间:2016-06-12  
DOI:10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.2017.06.002
中文关键词:  燃烧室  3级旋流器  粒子发生器  粒子图像测速法  流场测量
英文关键词:combustor  triple-stage swirler  particle generator  particle image velocimetry  flowfield measurement
基金项目:
作者单位
张俊 中国空气动力研究与发展中心 设备设计及测试技术研究所四川 绵阳 621000 
陈柳君 西北工业大学 动力与能源学院西安 710072 中国空气动力研究与发展中心 超高速空气动力学研究所 高超声速冲压发动机技术重点实验室四川 绵阳 621000 
胥頔 中国空气动力研究与发展中心 设备设计及测试技术研究所四川 绵阳 621000 
吴运刚 中国空气动力研究与发展中心 设备设计及测试技术研究所四川 绵阳 621000 
张龙 中国空气动力研究与发展中心 设备设计及测试技术研究所四川 绵阳 621000 
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中文摘要:
      设计了一种基于旋风分离原理的高压粒子发生器,并成功应用于高压状态下的航空涡轮发动机燃烧室内流场的PIV(粒子图像测速法)测量.在氢氧燃烧加热来流温度为813K、燃烧室压力为2.78MPa条件下,应用PIV技术开展了航空涡轮发动机单头部燃烧室复杂内流场测量研究,实现了高温高压条件下强旋流、强扰流、宽速域流场的PIV测量,获得了接近燃烧室工作压力工况下的流场速度和流场精细结构.结果表明:该型燃烧室内流场存在多处旋涡结构,形成回流区;流场旋流作用强,横截面流场存在顺时针大涡;主燃孔射流和掺混孔射流作用明显,射流穿透深度较大,对流场结构影响显著;高温高压状态下,流场结构与常温中压状态类似.
英文摘要:
      A high pressure particle generator based on cyclone separation principle was designed, and applied for PIV(particle image velocimetry) measurement of inner flowfield of high pressure aero turbine engine combustor successfully. With the combustion flow of hydrogen and oxygen, the research of measurement for complicated inner flowfield in the single sector combustor of aero turbine engine was carried out by PIV at 813K and 2.78MPa. The strong rotational and turbulent inner flowfield with wide velocity range was measured under conditions of high temperature and pressure, and the flowfield velocity and microscopic structure close to real work pressure of combustor were obtained. The results show that there are multiple vortices in the inner flowfield of the studied combustor, accompanied with relevant recirculation zones. The effect of swirler is strong, and there is big vortex clockwise in cross section. The jet effect of main combustion holes and dilution holes is obvious, the jet flows have deep penetration, and have distinct effect on the flowfield structure. The flow field structure under high temperature and pressure condition is similar to that under normal temperature and moderate pressure.
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