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基于主被动TVS技术的低温推进剂贮箱控压特性

周振君 吴俊 巩萌萌 吴勇 赵允宁 程龙

周振君, 吴俊, 巩萌萌, 等. 基于主被动TVS技术的低温推进剂贮箱控压特性[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(10):20220331 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220331
引用本文: 周振君, 吴俊, 巩萌萌, 等. 基于主被动TVS技术的低温推进剂贮箱控压特性[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(10):20220331 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220331
ZHOU Zhenjun, WU Jun, GONG Mengmeng, et al. Study on pressure control characteristics of cryogenic propellant tank based on active and passive TVS technology[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(10):20220331 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220331
Citation: ZHOU Zhenjun, WU Jun, GONG Mengmeng, et al. Study on pressure control characteristics of cryogenic propellant tank based on active and passive TVS technology[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(10):20220331 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220331

基于主被动TVS技术的低温推进剂贮箱控压特性

doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220331
详细信息
    作者简介:

    周振君(1987-),男,高级工程师,博士,主要从事低温推进剂贮存技术研究

  • 中图分类号: V511+

Study on pressure control characteristics of cryogenic propellant tank based on active and passive TVS technology

  • 摘要:

    为研究主被动热力学排气技术在低温贮箱压力控制方面的特性,搭建了集成主被动热力学排气系统的低温试验平台,开展了被动热力学排气(PTVS)控压、混合控压以及主动热力学排气(ATVS)等模式,贮箱加热分为0、40 W和80 W工况下的液氮贮箱压力控制正交测试,并进行了持续时间10 h的长耗时低温贮箱控压过程测试。试验结果表明:控压循环时间随着加热功率的增加而减少,控压循环频率更高;输入功率不变时,PTVS单次循环控压时间最长,混合控压单次循环时间最短。混合与ATVS结合的低温贮箱控压方法在近10 h的测试过程中运行稳定,将贮箱压力控制在预定区间内。节流制冷量的输入削弱了外界漏热的影响,液相升温速率逐渐降低趋于平缓,液相温度最终接近热分层处流体温度。

     

  • 图 1  低温贮箱控压方案

    Figure 1.  Scheme of pressure control of cryogenic tank

    图 2  低温贮箱控压试验系统示意图

    Figure 2.  Schematic diagram of pressure control experiment system for cryogenic tank

    图 3  多功能集成低温试验平台

    Figure 3.  Multifunctional integrated low temperature experiment platform

    图 4  PTVS控压测试压力曲线(P=0 W)

    Figure 4.  Pressure curve under PTVS experiment (P=0 W)

    图 5  PTVS控压测试压力曲线(P=40 W,80 W)

    Figure 5.  Pressure curve under PTVS experiment (P=40 W,80 W)

    图 6  混合控压测试压力曲线(P=0 W)

    Figure 6.  Pressure curve under mixing experiment (P=0 W)

    图 7  混合控压测试压力曲线( P=40 W,80 W)

    Figure 7.  Pressure curve under mixing experiment(P=40 W,80 W)

    图 8  ATVS控压测试压力曲线(P=0 W)

    Figure 8.  Pressure curve under ATVS experiment (P=0 W)

    图 9  ATVS控压测试压力曲线( P=40 W,80 W)

    Figure 9.  Pressure curve under ATVS experiment(P=40 W,80 W)

    图 10  液氮工质的低温贮箱10 h控压过程压力曲线

    Figure 10.  Pressure curve in the 10 h experiment with LN2 as the working medium in cryogenic tank

    图 11  液氮工质的低温贮箱10 h控压过程温度曲线

    Figure 11.  Curve of temperature change in the 10 h experiment of pressure control with LN2 as the working medium in cryogenic tank

    表  1  不同模式单次控压循环时间对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of pressure control time in single cycle time of different modes

    控压方式 加热功率/W tmax/tmin
    0 40 80
    PTVS控压 7072 s 4351 s 3751 s 1.89
    混合控压 389 s 299 s 212 s 1.83
    ATVS控压 2297 s 2000 s 1837 s 1.25
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-13

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