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倾转旋翼典型飞行状态气动特性的CFD分析

李鹏 招启军

李鹏, 招启军. 倾转旋翼典型飞行状态气动特性的CFD分析[J]. 航空动力学报, 2016, 31(2): 421-431. doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.2016.02.022
引用本文: 李鹏, 招启军. 倾转旋翼典型飞行状态气动特性的CFD分析[J]. 航空动力学报, 2016, 31(2): 421-431. doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.2016.02.022
LI Peng, ZHAO Qi-jun. CFD analyses of aerodynamic characteristics of tilt-rotor under typical flight conditions[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2016, 31(2): 421-431. doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.2016.02.022
Citation: LI Peng, ZHAO Qi-jun. CFD analyses of aerodynamic characteristics of tilt-rotor under typical flight conditions[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2016, 31(2): 421-431. doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.2016.02.022

倾转旋翼典型飞行状态气动特性的CFD分析

doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.2016.02.022
基金项目: 

江苏高校优势学科建设工程

国家自然科学基金(11272150)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李鹏 (1987-),男,江苏靖江人,博士生,主要从事倾转旋翼计算流体力学、空气动力学和并行计算流体力学研究. E-mail:lp1987@nuaa.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    招启军(1977-),男,江苏金湖人,教授、博士生导师,博士,主要从事直升机旋翼空气动力学、计算流体力学、计算声学、主动流动控制等研究.E-mail:zhaoqijun@nuaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: V211.3

CFD analyses of aerodynamic characteristics of tilt-rotor under typical flight conditions

  • 摘要: 针对倾转旋翼特有的悬停、巡航、过渡3种飞行模式,基于CFD方法分别对倾转旋翼的上述3种典型飞行状态进行了数值模拟.首先,基于运动嵌套网格思想建立了适合倾转旋翼运动模拟的多层运动嵌套网格系统.然后,基于RANS(Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes)方程建立了适用于非定常流场分析的CFD模拟方法.为了提高整个流场的计算效率,时间推进采用高效的隐式LU-SGS(lower upper symmetric Gauss Seidel)方法,并运用SPMD(single program multiple data)并行计算模式.最后,采用所建立的网格生成方法和流场求解器,进行了不同飞行状态下的倾转旋翼气动特性数值分析,验证了建立CFD方法的有效性并得出了多种飞行状态下的气动特性.结果表明:悬停状态下倾转旋翼相对于直升机旋翼有更加明显的下洗流影响区域.巡航状态两旋翼中心间距为2.5R时,倾转旋翼之间存在明显的气动干扰.过渡状态下,倾转旋翼提供的拉力在倾转角为45°前下降较快,且在倾转角较小时,倾转旋翼桨叶表面拉力分布仍能表现出直升机旋翼的特性.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-06-06
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-28

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