研究转子内流动的大尺寸轴流压气机实验装置和动态测量技术
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A LARGE-SCALE AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSOR FACILITY AND DYNAMIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES FOR ROTOR FLOW STUDY
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    摘要:

    本文在评述国外同类技术的基础上,介绍近年研制成的,以研究转子内流动为主要对象的低速大尺寸轴流压气机实验装置和动态测量技术,包括实验台、旋转四坐标全电动探针位移机构、并行多通道高速数据采集器、高频压力探针及一整套高频压力探针、热丝和激光多普勒动态测量技术,列举了典型的转子内和转子进、出口复杂流场测量结果。

    Abstract:

    A large scale axial flow compressor research facility designed for relative flow measurements is presented.With the test section outer diameter of one meter and hub/tip ratio of 0 6,the facility has a unique rotating probe traversing mechanism downstream the rotor blade row and inside the hub,which is capable of traversing five hole pressure probe,hot wire and other probes across the rotor blade passage.The precise null,tangential,radial and axial motions of the probes are entirely electrical and controlled by an online 386 microcomputer.The data transmission system which transmits signals from rotating frame to stationary frame of reference consists of rotating Kulite pressure transducers and a multi channel slip ring.In stationary reference frame,where the velocity and pressure at the rotor exit are unsteady with both periodic and random components,high response probes fixed on stationary probe traverse mechanisms are used for rotor exit flow measurements.Two high frequency pressure probes(a two inclined hole probe and a four hole conic probe)have been developed and two hot wire techniques(a single slant hot wire and a two inclined hot wire sensor)have been improved.A self made computer controlled 16 channel parallel data acquisition and processing system with the maximum sampling frequency of 100KHz per channel,accompanied with a phase locked ensemble averaging technique,is used for acquiring the data measured by high response probes.Typical data on the three dimensional flow structure at the rotor exit and inlet with fine resolution by various probes are presented.

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蒋浩康,李雨春,张洪,熊璋,徐力平,陈矛章.研究转子内流动的大尺寸轴流压气机实验装置和动态测量技术[J].航空动力学报,1992,7(1):1~8,95. Jiang Haokang, Li Yuchun, Zhang Hong, Xiong Zhang, Xu Lipin, Cheng Maozhang. A LARGE-SCALE AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSOR FACILITY AND DYNAMIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES FOR ROTOR FLOW STUDY[J]. Journal Of Aerospace Power,1992,7(1):1-8,95.

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  • 收稿日期:1991-06-01
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