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多电辅助动力装置用双绕组感应发电机变频交流发电系统励磁控制技术

史建宇 张宇飞 郭子韬 刘皓喆 卜飞飞 黄文新

史建宇, 张宇飞, 郭子韬, 等. 多电辅助动力装置用双绕组感应发电机变频交流发电系统励磁控制技术[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(10):20220549 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220549
引用本文: 史建宇, 张宇飞, 郭子韬, 等. 多电辅助动力装置用双绕组感应发电机变频交流发电系统励磁控制技术[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(10):20220549 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220549
SHI Jianyu, ZHANG Yufei, GUO Zitao, et al. Excitation control technology of frequency conversion AC power generation system for dual-winding induction generators for multi-electric auxiliary power units[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(10):20220549 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220549
Citation: SHI Jianyu, ZHANG Yufei, GUO Zitao, et al. Excitation control technology of frequency conversion AC power generation system for dual-winding induction generators for multi-electric auxiliary power units[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(10):20220549 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220549

多电辅助动力装置用双绕组感应发电机变频交流发电系统励磁控制技术

doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220549
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52177050); 中央高校基本科研业务费项目(NS2021019)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    史建宇(2000-),男,硕士生,研究方向为电机驱动控制

    通讯作者:

    卜飞飞(1984-),男,副教授、硕士生导师,博士,研究方向为航空电源、伺服驱动、电机及其控制等。E-mail:bufeifei1984@163.com

  • 中图分类号: V242.4;TM351

Excitation control technology of frequency conversion AC power generation system for dual-winding induction generators for multi-electric auxiliary power units

  • 摘要:

    当飞机主电源出现故障时,辅助动力装置(auxiliary power unit, APU)可作为备用电源代替故障的发电机供电。以多电辅助动力装置为背景,研究了一种双绕组感应发电机变频交流发电系统,并提出基于控制绕组磁链定向的变频交流励磁控制技术。该发电机定子上有两套绕组,一套为控制绕组,用于调节发电机励磁,一套为功率绕组,用于输出变频交流电能;两套绕组仅通过磁场耦合。采用控制绕组磁链定向对控制绕组电流进行解耦,将控制绕组电流分为无功电流和有功电流,在此基础上分别对功率绕组侧交流电压、控制绕组侧直流电压进行控制。实验结果显示,该系统在交流侧突增、突卸满载时,电压突变在±10 V以内,恢复时间不超过1.3 s。研究成果表明:采用该励磁控制技术能够使感应发电机平稳运行,且交流输出电压具有良好的稳态性能和动态性能。

     

  • 图 1  DWIG交流发电系统

    Figure 1.  DWIG AC power generation system

    图 2  控制绕组磁链定向矢量

    Figure 2.  Control winding flux orientation vector

    图 3  控制绕组磁链定向控制原理

    Figure 3.  Control principle of control winding flux orientation

    图 4  基于控制绕组磁链定向的变频交流发电励磁控制系统框图

    Figure 4.  Block diagram of the excitation control system of the variable frequency AC power generation based on control winding flux orientation

    图 5  icd突变时电流响应

    Figure 5.  Current response when icd is abruptly changed

    图 6  icq突变时电流响应

    Figure 6.  Current response when icq is abruptly changed

    图 7  采用所提控制技术的仿真结果

    Figure 7.  Simulation results using the proposed control strategy

    图 8  DWIG 实验硬件平台

    Figure 8.  DWIG experiment with hardware platforms

    图 9  DWIG和原动机

    Figure 9.  DWIG and prime mover motor

    图 10  icd突变时电流响应

    Figure 10.  Current response when icd is abruptly changed

    图 11  icq突变时电流响应

    Figure 11.  Current response when icq is abruptly changed

    图 12  采用所提控制技术的交流电压稳态实验结果

    Figure 12.  Steady-state experimental results of AC voltage using the proposed control strategy

    图 13  采用所提控制技术的交流电压动态实验结果

    Figure 13.  Dynamic experimental results of AC voltage using the proposed control strategy

    表  1  样机参数

    Table  1.   Prototype parameters

    参数 数值
    极对数 3
    额定功率/(kVA) 15
    额定转速/(r/min) 8000
    交流额定电压有效值/V 115
    直流母线额定电压/V 270
    直流母线电容 CcDC/μF 4000
    励磁电容 C/μF 40
    滤波电感 L/mH 0.585
    激磁电感 Lm/mH 1.058
    控制绕组电阻 Rc 0.0332
    控制绕组漏感 Lc/μH 66.4
    功率绕组电阻 Rp 0.0237
    功率绕组漏感 Lp/μH 66.4
    转子等效绕组电阻 Rr 0.0304
    绕组有效匝比(NP/Nc 1.5
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-13

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