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迎风角对加油稳定伞气动特性的影响

吴金华 黄霞 刘志涛 郭林亮 张磊

吴金华, 黄霞, 刘志涛, 等. 迎风角对加油稳定伞气动特性的影响[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(7):20220524 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220524
引用本文: 吴金华, 黄霞, 刘志涛, 等. 迎风角对加油稳定伞气动特性的影响[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(7):20220524 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220524
WU Jinhua, HUANG Xia, LIU Zhitao, et al. Effects of windward angle on aerodynamic characteristic of drogue[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(7):20220524 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220524
Citation: WU Jinhua, HUANG Xia, LIU Zhitao, et al. Effects of windward angle on aerodynamic characteristic of drogue[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(7):20220524 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220524

迎风角对加油稳定伞气动特性的影响

doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220524
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴金华(1989-),男,工程师,硕士,主要从事低速风洞试验技术研究

    通讯作者:

    黄霞(1984-),女,高级工程师,博士,主要从事低速风洞试验技术研究。E-mail:hx_1984.4@163.com

  • 中图分类号: V211.7

Effects of windward angle on aerodynamic characteristic of drogue

  • 摘要:

    为研究迎风角对加油稳定伞气动特性的影响,设计了一种1∶1全尺寸可变迎风角加油稳定伞,可真实模拟恒定阻力特征加油稳定伞和自适应变阻力特征加油稳定伞的结构特点,并在FL-14风洞建立了加油稳定伞气动特性测量试验方法,通过试验获得了不同迎风角对加油稳定伞张开过程、变形结果以及阻力的影响。结果表明:加油稳定伞完全张开所需的风速随迎风角增大呈现增大趋势;相同风速下,迎风角越大加油稳定伞阻力越大;受风载后,恒定阻力特征加油稳定伞迎风角不变,自适应变阻力特征加油稳定伞迎风角减小;1 mm骨架片的自适应变阻力特征加油稳定伞在迎风角46°、风速55~75 m/s范围内达到良好的自适应阻力特征调节效果,阻力值基本稳定。

     

  • 图 1  加油稳定伞迎风角示意图

    Figure 1.  Diagram of windward angle of drogue

    图 2  支撑臂合拢、张开示意图

    Figure 2.  Fold-unfold diagram of struts

    图 3  加油稳定伞拖拽示意图

    Figure 3.  Draught diagram of drogue

    图 4  加油稳定伞合适的下沉高度

    Figure 4.  Appropriate sinking height of drogue

    图 5  加油稳定伞原理结构图

    Figure 5.  Schematic structural diagram of drogue

    图 6  加油稳定伞总体方案

    Figure 6.  Overall scheme of drogue

    图 7  支撑臂连接图

    Figure 7.  Connection diagram of struts

    图 8  加油稳定伞实物图片

    Figure 8.  Drogue picture

    图 9  迎风角调节示意图

    Figure 9.  Diagram of windward angle adjustment

    图 10  标记点布置

    Figure 10.  Marks distribution

    图 11  支撑臂张开过程示意图

    Figure 11.  Unfolding process diagram of struts

    图 12  不同骨架片变形对比

    Figure 12.  Deformation comparison of different springs

    图 13  迎风角对恒定阻力特征加油稳定伞的阻力影响

    Figure 13.  Windward angle effect on drag of invariable drag characteristic drogue

    图 14  迎风角对恒定阻力特征加油稳定伞的阻力特征值影响

    Figure 14.  Windward angle effect on drag characteristic of invariable drag characteristic drogue

    图 15  迎风角对自适应变阻力特征加油稳定伞的阻力影响(1.5 mm骨架片)

    Figure 15.  Windward angle effect on drag of adaptive variable drag characteristic drogue (1.5 mm springs)

    图 16  迎风角对自适应变阻力特征加油稳定伞的阻力特征值影响(1.5 mm骨架片)

    Figure 16.  Windward angle effect on drag characteristic of adaptive variable drag characteristic drogue (1.5 mm springs)

    图 17  迎风角对自适应变阻力特征加油稳定伞的阻力影响(1 mm骨架片)

    Figure 17.  Windward angle effect on drag of adaptive variable drag characteristic drogue (1 mm springs)

    图 18  迎风角对自适应变阻力特征加油稳定伞的阻力特征值影响 (1 mm骨架片)

    Figure 18.  Windward angle effect on drag characteristic of adaptive variable drag characteristic drogue (1 mm springs)

    图 19  自适应变阻速度范围

    Figure 19.  Speed range of adaptive variable drag characteristic

    表  1  不同迎风角完全张开所需风速

    Table  1.   Wind speed for completely unfolding at different windward angles

    迎风角/(°) 所需风速/(m/s)
    8 mm骨架片 1.5 mm骨架片 1 mm骨架片
    30 40 35 30
    34 40 35 30
    38 40 35 35
    46 45 40 40
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  实际迎风角减少量

    Table  2.   Decrease of actual windward angle

    迎风角/(°) 实际迎风角减少量/(°)
    1.5 mm骨架片 1 mm骨架片
    30 5.47 17.63
    34 5.88 20.19
    38 5.94 21.47
    46 6.39 23.88
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-16

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