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涡轮发动机供气系统流量和压力的控制方案

薛永建 刘高文 马佳乐 白杨 龚文彬 林阿强

薛永建, 刘高文, 马佳乐, 等. 涡轮发动机供气系统流量和压力的控制方案[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(10):20220781 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220781
引用本文: 薛永建, 刘高文, 马佳乐, 等. 涡轮发动机供气系统流量和压力的控制方案[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(10):20220781 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220781
XUE Yongjian, LIU Gaowen, MA Jiale, et al. Control strategy of mass flow rate and pressure in an air supply system of gas turbine engine[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(10):20220781 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220781
Citation: XUE Yongjian, LIU Gaowen, MA Jiale, et al. Control strategy of mass flow rate and pressure in an air supply system of gas turbine engine[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(10):20220781 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220781

涡轮发动机供气系统流量和压力的控制方案

doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20220781
基金项目: 陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2023-JC-YB-305); 航空发动机及燃气轮机基础科学中心项目(P2022-A-Ⅱ-007-001)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    薛永建(1997-),男,硕士,主要从事PLC自动化集成控制和发动机空气系统方面研究

    通讯作者:

    刘高文(1974-),男,教授、博士生导师,博士,主要从事发动机空气系统和传热分析方面研究。E-mail:gwliu@nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: V231.3

Control strategy of mass flow rate and pressure in an air supply system of gas turbine engine

  • 摘要:

    开展了供气系统质量流量(简称流量)和压力的控制方案研究,提出采用多元线性回归预测和自适应比例调节的改进控制方法,对实验台各流路的电动阀门集成控制。设计一台测量控制系统操作台,采用西门子programmable logic controller(PLC)作为主控制器,可实现对46台电动阀门的自动控制,并且保留远程手动控制功能。该控制方式可根据不同电动阀门调节速度改变增加幅度,使得阀门调节更加平顺。基于实验台的管路情况,该控制方式相较于常规proportion integral differential(PID)控制,实验台各气路压力和流量超调量减少20%以上,调节时间缩短40 s以上,对于大流量工况,稳态性能可提高2%以上。

     

  • 图 1  预旋供气系统流动温变实验台

    Figure 1.  Pre-swirl air supply system flow temperature change test bench

    图 2  预旋供气系统多平台控制的整体流路系统示意图

    Figure 2.  Overall flow-path schematic diagram of multi-platform control system for pre-swirl air supply systems

    图 3  控制系统流程图

    Figure 3.  Flow chart of control system

    图 4  流动温变实验台流路图

    Figure 4.  Flow path diagram of flow temperature variation test bench

    图 5  主进气阀门1开度和流量关系预测图

    Figure 5.  Valve 1 opening of main inlet and mass flow rate relationship prediction diagram

    图 6  主进气阀门2开度和流量关系预测图

    Figure 6.  Valve 2 opening of main inlet and mass flow rate relationship forecast diagram

    图 7  主进气阀门3开度和流量关系预测图

    Figure 7.  Valve 3 opening of main inlet and mass flow rate relationship forecast diagram

    图 8  高速电动机及冷却系统控制图

    Figure 8.  Control diagram of high speed motor and cooling system

    图 9  涡轮高压盖板式预旋系统示意图

    Figure 9.  Schematic diagram of turbine high pressure cap plate pre-swirl system

    图 10  电动阀门PID控制曲线图

    Figure 10.  PID control curve of electric valve

    图 11  主进气流量变化曲线

    Figure 11.  Mass flow rate change curve of main inlet

    图 12  调节环腔压力变化曲线

    Figure 12.  Pressure change curve of adjustable ring cavity

    图 13  内封严腔压力变化曲线

    Figure 13.  Pressure change curve of inner sealing cavity

    图 14  外封严腔压力变化曲线

    Figure 14.  Pressure change curve of outer seal cavity

    表  1  系统配置主要技术参数

    Table  1.   System configuration main technical parameters

    配套装置数量/台技术参数数值或说明
    高速电动机5功率/kW50
    变频器1功率/kW75
    电动阀门24直径/mm150,80,50,30
    油泵1功率/kW7.5
    水泵1功率/kW7.5
    智能控制台1尺寸/(m×m×m)3×1.3×1.6
    PLC1型号S7-200smart
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-10-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-27

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