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基于磨粒分析的球轴承外圈剥落扩展特性研究

杨景来 卜嘉利 佟文伟 刘东旭 郝延龙 何山

杨景来, 卜嘉利, 佟文伟, 等. 基于磨粒分析的球轴承外圈剥落扩展特性研究[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(6):20230666 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20230666
引用本文: 杨景来, 卜嘉利, 佟文伟, 等. 基于磨粒分析的球轴承外圈剥落扩展特性研究[J]. 航空动力学报, 2024, 39(6):20230666 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20230666
YANG Jinglai, BU Jiali, TONG Wenwei, et al. Research on peeling propagation characteristics of outer ring of ball bearings based on wear particles analysis[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(6):20230666 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20230666
Citation: YANG Jinglai, BU Jiali, TONG Wenwei, et al. Research on peeling propagation characteristics of outer ring of ball bearings based on wear particles analysis[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2024, 39(6):20230666 doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20230666

基于磨粒分析的球轴承外圈剥落扩展特性研究

doi: 10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.20230666
基金项目: 航空动力基础研究项目
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨景来(1989-),男,工程师,硕士,从事航空发动机磨损状态监测研究

  • 中图分类号: V233.4+53

Research on peeling propagation characteristics of outer ring of ball bearings based on wear particles analysis

  • 摘要:

    为研究航空发动机球轴承外圈的剥落扩展特性,首先利用外圈含预制缺陷的球轴承开展零部件实验,再选取外圈存在剥落缺陷的球轴承在发动机上开展剥落扩展研究。综合利用滑油光谱、便携式铁谱、分析式铁谱及能谱分析技术对发动机滑油中的磨粒进行分析。结果表明:球轴承外圈的剥落扩展是渐进性的;表面存在沿长轴方向划痕的疲劳磨粒数量及比例随外圈的剥落发展而不断增加;磨粒总量及尺寸在剥落发展期出现明显增长,在快速扩展期急剧增加。结论:外圈的剥落首先出现在距凹坑一定距离的后方位置,沿滚珠的滚动方向扩展;剥落扩展分为4个阶段:裂纹萌生、裂纹扩展、裂纹贯穿及剥落扩展。

     

  • 图 1  轴承剥落形貌

    Figure 1.  Bearing peeling morphology

    图 2  外圈初始剥落形貌

    Figure 2.  Initial peeling morphology of outer ring

    图 3  光谱分析结果

    Figure 3.  Spectral analysis results

    图 4  便携式铁谱分析结果

    Figure 4.  Portable ferrography analysis results

    图 5  铁谱分析结果(×100)

    Figure 5.  Ferrography analysis results (×100)

    图 6  铁谱分析结果(×500)

    Figure 6.  Ferrography analysis results (×500)

    图 7  外圈剥落形貌

    Figure 7.  Peeling morphology of outer ring

    图 8  滚道受力示意图

    Figure 8.  Schematic diagram of force on raceway

    图 9  剥落机理示意图

    Figure 9.  Schematic diagram of peeling mechanism

    图 10  铁谱监控标准(×100)

    Figure 10.  Standard practice for analytical ferrography (×100)

    图 11  外圈剥落实例

    Figure 11.  Example of outing ring peeling

    表  1  滑油中主要金属元素质量分数

    Table  1.   Main metal element mass fraction in lubricating oil

    元素 质量分数/10−6
    Fe 143.75
    Ti 57.49
    Al 8.83
    Cr 10.86
    Cu 4.86
    Ag 10.56
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  0.5 h能谱分析结果

    Table  2.   Energy spectrum analysis results at 0.5 h

    磨粒 质量分数/%
    Fe Cr Ni Mo Ti V
    1 4.0 4.3 0.9
    2 3.9 4.2 1.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  10.5 h能谱分析结果

    Table  3.   Energy spectrum analysis results at 10.5 h

    磨粒 质量分数/%
    Fe Cr Mo V Ag
    1 4.1 4.3 0.9
    2 4.5 4.0 0.8
    3 3.9 4.4 1.1
    4 4.4 4.2 0.7 2.5
    5 1.8
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-02-29

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