摘要: Reducing the influence of back-sputtering effect can effectively improve the accuracy of the measurement of the Hall thruster plume effect. Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) was used to measure the deposition and sputtering distribution of HET-40 thruster plume on two different experimental conditions: case 1, using liquid nitrogen heat sinks and case 2, without using liquid nitrogen heat sinks. Meanwhile, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to analyze the composition of the QCM surface after two experiments. The results of the two experiments showed that the sputtering rate under the condition of case 1 was slightly higher than case 2. Especially within the range of 90° to 110° relative to the thruster axis, case 1 experiment result showed sputtering effect, while case 2 experiment showed deposition effect. Through analysis of the experimental results, it can be found that using liquid nitrogen heat sink to reduce the temperature of the inner wall surface of vacuum chamber can effectively adsorb the particles sputtered by the plume and reduce the concentration of back-sputtering particles, leading to the above phenomenon.
摘要: A model reference adaptive control (MRAC) with smooth switching scheme was proposed for piecewise linear systems, and the method was utilized in turbofan engine control to avoid the discontinuity of control input. In this scheme, each sub-region of the operating envelope had its own MRAC controller, and smooth indicator function based smooth switching scheme was introduced to switch multiple controllers smoothly at the boundary of adjacent sub-regions. The Lyapunov stability analysis indicated that the proposed smooth switching scheme can guarantee the convergence of the closed-loop system during the controllers switching. The tracking error system was converted into a switched system to analyze the global stability of the closed-loop system. The advantage of the method was that the chattering of system output and instability caused by asynchronous switching can be eliminated. The simulation illustrates the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme in comparison with the existing MRAC controller with gain scheduling for turbofan engine.