摘要: The effects of adverse pressure gradient (APG) on Reynolds stresses in turbulent boundary layers (TBLs) with APG were analyzed. The difficulty of this work was attributable to the Reynolds stresses in TBLs with APG under two combined effects, i.e.: effect of upstream flow and effect of APG. The effect of upstream flow is an inherent effect no matter pressure gradient exists or not. The individual effect was analyzed from absolute developments of Reynolds stresses in TBLs with zero pressure gradient (ZPG) firstly. Effect of APG was then analyzed from absolute developments of Reynolds stresses in TBLs with APG. Result showed that, for absolute development of mean streamwise Reynolds stresses, APG accelerated its development in TBL with ZPG; for absolute development of mean normal or shear Reynolds stresses, APG increased their magnitude in the outer part, and decreased their extent of large value region.
摘要: In order to test the defects of solid rocket motor (SRM) accurately and efficiently, the computed tomography (CT) inspection scheme for SRMs defects was investigated and a CT local reconstruction algorithm called prior informationprojection onto convex setstotal variation minimization (PI-POCS-TVM) was developed. The SRM was first inspected by industrial CT (ICT) to generate a lowresolution SRM image used as the prior information, then highresolution local inspection was carried out for SRM's defects. To validate the effectiveness of the CT inspection scheme for SRMs defects, one SRM was inspected by a narrow fan beam ICT system. Filtered back projection (FBP) algorithm, POCS, POCS-TVM and PI-POCS-TVM algorithms were applied to reconstruct CT images. The performance of these algorithms was also compared. Results demonstrated the effectiveness of the CT inspection scheme for SRM's defects. Moreover, the PI-POCS-TVM algorithm has better local reconstruction image quality than the other three algorithms, showing great significance for accurate measurement of SRM's defects.