摘要: To investigate the deflection effect of gas plasma plume controlled by magnetic field, a novel experimental scheme was presented. The Cs2CO3 catalytic ionization seeds were injected into the combustion chamber to obtain gas plasma on a high temperature magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) experiment rig. The plasma jet was deflected under the action of an external magnetic field, resulting in a thrust-vector effect. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) collected two-dimensional images of jet flow field. Through image processing and velocity vector analysis, the jet deflection angle can be obtained quantitatively. At 1800-2500K, the jet deflection was verified experimentally under the condition of 0.45T magnetic field strength. The results indicate that the jet deflection angle increases gradually with the increase of gas temperature, and above 2200K, the jet deflection angle increase obviously. In the process of gas plasma jet, it is feasible to realize the jet deflection controlled by MHD by adding an external magnetic field.
摘要: In order to improve the analysis accuracy of the influence of shape parameters on the aerodynamic performance of cycloidal propeller, a set of CFD methods suitable for the simulation of the cycloidal propeller flow field based on the dynamic overset mesh and Unsteady Reynolds time average method equation were established. The characteristics of the spanwise lift distribution and surface pressure distribution in case of different negative twist were provided. The influence of the negative twist on the aerodynamic performance of cycloidal propeller was emphasized. The results showed that, the change of negative twist caused the change of azimuth for cycloidal propeller lift. The larger the absolute value of negative twist, the lower the figure of merit of the cycloidal propeller; the smaller the negative twist, the more gentle the instantaneous aerodynamic fluctuation; the influence mechanism of negative twist on the aerodynamic performance of cycloidal propeller was generated from changing the non-uniform distribution of the cycloidal propeller's effective angle of