摘要: 在VOF(volume of fluid)模型的基础上,引入level set函数,形成CLSVOF(coupled level set volume of fluid)模型对气液两相流的振荡流动和传热过程进行数值模拟,与只采用VOF模型模拟的结果进行对比分析,并与实验结果相比较.结果表明:无论是针对矩形空腔中两相流的振荡流动和传热,还是活塞冷却油腔中机油的振荡冷却过程,采用CLSVOF模型都可以更为准确地模拟气液两相流的振荡流动规律,传热系数计算值也与实验结果保持了更高的一致性.对于活塞冷却油腔中机油的振荡冷却计算,随着转速即雷诺数的增大,传热系数计算值的误差开始增大.在极限转速3000r/min时, CLSVOF模型的误差为3.8%,VOF模型的误差为7.5%, CLSVOF模型的误差增幅稳定在0.6%左右.CLSVOF模型的误差较小且误差增幅稳定,说明其计算准确性更高.
摘要: Film cooling experiments with sonic injection were conducted to investigate the effects of the number of the injection holes, the mass flow ratio, and the hole spacing on the film cooling effectiveness. The mainstream was obtained by the hydrogen-oxygen combustion, entering the experimental section at a Mach number of 2.0. The nitrogen with ambient temperature was injected into the experimental section at a sonic speed. The measured mainstream recovery temperature was approximately 910K. The mass flow ratio was regulated by varying the nitrogen injection pressure. The experimental results show that for the investigated cooling surface, the cooling effectiveness increases with the increase in the number of the injection holes with other parameters held constant. For a fixed cooling configuration, the cooling effectiveness increases with the increase in the mass flow ratio. Different from the subsonic film cooling, the optimal mass flow ratio is not observed. When the hole spacing is less than 4, no obvious difference is observed on the cooling effectiveness and lateral uniformity. With the mass flow ratio increasing further, this difference becomes much smaller. The shock wave also has an effect on the cooling effectiveness. Downstream the incident point of the shock wave, the cooling effectiveness is lower than that in the case without the shock wave.
摘要: 基于英军标Defence Standard 00971对盘类零件的安全性要求,采用安全寿命法对某型发动机高压涡轮盘的低循环疲劳寿命试验进行了研究.通过有限元法对发动机工作条件下的高压涡轮盘进行了应力分析,考虑了温度场对应力分布的影响,按照Defence Standard 00971的要求确定了高压涡轮盘的关键部位及其标准循环,制定了高压涡轮盘低循环疲劳寿命试验方案,给出了基于试验结果确定高压涡轮盘安全寿命的方法.分析表明:中心孔和螺栓孔的应力系数分别为1.0和1.017,均在合理范围内;提高高压涡轮盘转速同时截短涡轮叶片的试验方法能有效模拟热应力对寿命的影响,对高压涡轮盘低循环疲劳寿命试验具有重要指导意义.