摘要: 在分析多轴疲劳几种常用非比例度定义的基础上,提出了一种非比例度定义方法,进而以American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME) 规范案例中非比例加载多轴疲劳设计准则采用的应变参量作为基本损伤参量,发展了一种新的多轴疲劳寿命预测模型.结果表明:①所提出的非比例度定义可以描述任意已知轮廓的、非周期的、变幅的非比例加载路径;②与两种常用的多轴非比例加载疲劳寿命模型的预测结果对比可知,新的寿命预测模型对14种比例和非比例加载路径下304不锈钢材料的寿命预测与试验吻合更好,预测结果基本位于2倍分散带以内.
摘要: 分析了现今可靠性试验设计的不足,考虑两类风险(弃真风险、采伪风险)建立了基于信息融合的可靠性优化试验设计模型(ORTIF, optimization reliability test design modeling based on information fusion).分析了可靠性试验设计的需求、约束条件,基于子系统和系统验前分布是Beta分布,提出了可靠性系统中子系统层与系统层之间的信息融合技术.根据验后风险准则,给出弃真和采伪风险的定义.基于Matlab软件给出了最优试验方案数值计算的求解步骤.最后以液态火箭发动机为例,求解出满足约束条件的最优试验方案为(9,5,10,6,1),对应的最小试验费用为3326.9,并得出权值方案对试验方案的确定影响较大的结论.
摘要: Numerical simulations were carried out to investigate the effects of synthetic jet actuation frequency on the separated flow in a diffusing S-duct. The Reynolds number based on the entrance height was 9.78×105. At first, the numerical model was validated with experimental data, and then, the interaction between the separated flow and the synthetic jets at different frequencies was discussed. The results demonstrate that the control effect is significantly dependent on the momentum mixing enhancement between inside of the separated boundary layer and the outer flow. There exists a narrow range of actuation frequency, in which effective separation control can be achieved using synthetic jets. A dimensionless frequency F+=1.0 is identified as the optimal frequency, with a momentum coefficient of 1.62×10-3, the separation area is reduced about 46%, and the aerodynamic performance of the S-duct is also greatly improved compared to uncontrolled case. Further analysis reveals that the choice of actuation frequency is mainly determined by the momentum flux produced by a single ejection and the spacing between adjacent ejections, the optimal frequency case can be understood as a balance between the two factors. In addition, it is found that the synthetic jets can also suppress the secondary flows while decreasing the separation.