摘要: A three-dimensional infrared radiation code for exhaust system was developed by the finite volume method coupled with narrow band k-distribution in non-gray absorbing-emitting media. The final infrared signature had considered the atmosphere effect, and the simulation values were favorably consistent with testing ones. The results indicate that the relative errors considering the effect of atmosphere compared with that of the contrary condition reduce by 31%, it shows that when simulating the infrared radiation of the target which is received by the infrared detectors, even the calculation band is in atmospheric windows 3~5 μm, the effect of atmospheric transmission on infrared signature of the target should not be neglected.
摘要: The compressive behavior of laminates with a deeply embedded circular delamination was studied numerically and experimentally. In the finite element analysis (FEA),virtual crack closure technique (VCCT) and B-K law were employed to simulate the delamination growth,and the contact of the two substrates was considered.The effect of the delamination size and through-thickness position on the compressive behavior of laminates with an artificially embedded circular delamination was discussed.It is found that the through-thickness position affects the buckling mode,which then strongly influences delamination growth speed and direction,as well as the dominant component energy release rate (ERR).The numerical results agreed well with the experimental results.
摘要: A numerical simulation of shock wave turbulent boundary layer interaction induced by a 24° compression corner based on Gao-Yong compressible turbulence model was presented.The convection terms and the diffusion terms were calculated using the second-order AUSM (advection upstream splitting method) scheme and the second-order central difference scheme,respectively.The Runge-Kutta time marching method was employed to solve the governing equations for steady state solutions.Significant flow separation-region which indicates highly non-isotropic turbulence structure has been found in the present work due to intensity interaction under the 24° compression corner.Comparisons between the calculated results and experimental data have been carried out,including surface pressure distribution,boundary-layer static pressure profiles and mean velocity profiles.The numerical results agree well with the experimental values,which indicate Gao-Yong compressible turbulence model is suitable for the prediction of shock wave turbulent boundary layer interaction in two-dimensional compression corner flows.
摘要: 针对目前飞行昆虫的动力学特性分析仅限于定常飞行,采用分叉分析方法研究了熊蜂的机动稳定性.分别以俯仰角速度和偏航角速度作为参变量,计算急停过程和急旋变向过程中各平衡点的稳定性并判断其稳定范围,分析熊蜂在不同前飞速度时的全局稳定性.结果表明:熊蜂在前飞速度为0时进行急旋变向是全局稳定的,偏航角速度为14.23rad/s<| r |<23.8rad/s具有唯一的稳定焦点,在前飞速度为2.5m/s和4.5m/s时进行急旋变向是不稳定的,这解释了飞行昆虫为何在急旋变向前降低飞行速度.熊蜂在不同速度处的急停都不是全局稳定的,会进入不稳定的大幅振荡,但发散之前具有一个约为30个扑动周期的过渡间隙,因此熊蜂由足够的调整时间.
摘要: 针对航空发动机转子既转动又进动的运转情况,推导用于转子系统的带金属橡胶弹性外环的气膜密封阻尼结构(gas film seal damper,GFSD)雷诺方程.基于GFSD运动方程和位移协调关系,建立转子－气膜－金属橡胶三者之间的流固耦合关系,确定稳态压力场求解流程,并提出金属橡胶刚度的定量设计方法.采用有限差分法求解稳态压力场,研究GFSD工作参数和结构参数对稳态特性的影响,为GFSD结构参数设计提供参考,最后与直通式篦齿封严的泄漏量进行比较.结果表明:合理设计金属橡胶刚度能够使GFSD自适应地调节气膜间隙;在保证动压润滑的基础上,选取大长径比、小金属橡胶刚度和密封间隙能够使GFSD具有良好的稳态特性;GFSD的泄漏量远小于直通式篦齿封严,能够满足现代航空发动机中高进出口压比下的封严需要.